HEART AND GENES
Heart disease, like so many other diseases, is known to run in families. A link between your genes and heart disease may predispose you to heart disease and also put you at a higher risk for heart attacks.
A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when a blockage to the coronary artery interrupts the blood supply to the heart. A significant number of heart attacks are related to heart disease. However, unlike other diseases that run in families, such as sickle cell anemia and cystic fibrosis, there is not one single gene or one single cause of heart attacks or heart disease.
Risk Factors for Genetics and Heart Disease
In India,America and many countries, heart disease is the leading cause of death. There are many factors that can contribute to both heart disease and heart attacks, including family history. Diet and other lifestyle factors (such as smoking) are also significant factors that affect the development of heart disease.
If you are genetically predisposed to heart disease, your doctor may help you develop an exercise plan, refer you to a nutritionist, or take prescription medication. Doctors concerned about heart disease and heart attacks usually stress eliminating risk early.
- blood cholesterol
- blood pressure
- physical activity
- obesity and body weight.
Genetics for Heart Disease
Genetic researchers are working to develop pharmaceutical drugs that combat genes known to cause heart attacks, such as the FLAP gene, the first known gene that carries a large risk for heart attack and stroke. The FLAP gene was discovered by Icelandic genetic researchers who analyzed a large population of heart attack patients and their family members.
Genetics, Heart Disease, and Family History
Your family history can help you determine if you have a propensity to developing heart disease. Your doctor can help identify other factors that may put you at risk, such as cholesterol and blood pressure.
If you have a family history of heart disease, your doctor may opt for a different or medical treatment plan. Your doctor may be particularly interested in the medical history of your closest relatives, such as your siblings and your parents. However, even if your family history predisposes you to heart attacks, a conscious, healthy lifestyle can lessen your risk significantly. Individuals with a family history of heart disease often have a family history of many of its risk factors.
Preventing Heart Attacks
A healthy diet is one of the greatest weapons against heart disease.Other suggestions for those committed to maintaining a heart-healthy lifestyle, including:
- aim for a healthy weight
- be physically active every day
- limit consumption of alcohol
- lower high blood pressure
- manage diabetes
- reduce blood cholesterol
- reduce stress in your life
- stop smoking.